INTRODUCTION

Sea ports are important gateways for trading in commodities between countries. The ports form a major infrastructure in the logistic chain of activities in economic transport of goods. It is an acknowledged fact that, there is a big gap between available capacity of ports in India and the huge demand for port services.

In India, marine transport has the highest modal share of export-import cargo. Sea routes provide efficient and cost effective mode of transporting large quantities of goods. As per Ministry of Shipping estimates, traffic at sea ports is likely to grow three times by 2019-20 from the present level.

With the growing cargo traffic across the Indian coastline, it is essential to develop high quality port infrastructure with commodity focus. As on 31.03.2016, the major ports in India has a total of 244 berths, 9 single buoy moorings and two barge jetties to handle cargo traffic. Including the non-major ports would account for more than 300 berths. However, it must be noted that Indian Ports largely continue to remain dominated by multipurpose berth (approximately 60%), which evidently is falling short of specialized commodity focused requirements.

The karnataka State has a maritime coastline of 155 nautical miles (300 kilometers),studded by ten minor ports between karwar in the north and mangalore in the south,flanked by a uttara kannada,udipi and Dakshina Kannada Districts.The ten minor ports of the site are karwar,Belekeri,Tadri,Honnavar,Bhatkal,Kundapur,Hangarkatta,Malpe,Padubidri and old Mangalore.Out of these ten ports,Karwar is the only weather while the other nine are reverine anchorage lightarage ports.